2019年10月16日水曜日

第41話: 正しい英語を話そう(第3回)many / muchなどの使い方





Fix your broken English TODAY! Part 3 – Quantifiers

This week we will be discussing something quite related with the first two entries (1. Singular and Plural; 2. Articles – A, An and The). This week will be about Quantifiers. From the root word itself---quantify---the following examples gives us the ‘number’ or ‘how many’ a noun is. As I have mentioned many a time in this series, the English language requires the quantity of the noun to make it sound correct or appropriate, as opposed to the Japanese language that seldom requires quantifiers.
Examples of Quantifiers by noun type



Countable nouns
Uncountable nouns
Both
Many
Several
Each
Both
(A) few
Much
A little
A bit of
A great deal of
A large amount of 
All                                  No
None of                        A lot of
More                             Enough
Less                              Some
Any
Sentence examples:
There are many people in the mall.
Several friends are coming over.
The pizza has much cheese.
I’d like just a little sugar.
All people need some privacy.
We should have a lot of rest.



カタコト英語をなおそう! パート3:数量冠詞「many / muchなどの使い方」
今週は第1週(単数 / 複数)と第2週(冠詞)で習ったことにとても関連性の高い話題。数量詞っていうんだ。これはquantify(定量化する)という単語からくるんだけど、「その名詞がさすものが何個あるか」をしめすんだ。何度も言うけど、英語は日本語と違って「名詞がさすものをちゃんと適正に表現すること」が大事なんだ。でははじめよう。



数えられる名詞に使う
数えられない名詞に使う
両方に使える
Many
Several
Each
Both
(A) few
Much
A little
A bit of
A great deal of
A large amount of 
All                                  No
None of                        A lot of
More                             Enough
Less                              Some
Any
文章例:
There are many people in the mall.
Several friends are coming over.
The pizza has much cheese.
I’d like just a little sugar.
All people need some privacy.
We should have a lot of rest.





As you can see in the sample sentences, nouns (both countable and uncountable) should have quantifiers before them. One tip, memorizing quantifiers that can be use for both countable and uncountable nouns will be really helpful for you. So please try using them before the nouns of your sentences.

Find the nouns in this paragraph and in your mind fill in the appropriate quantifiers before them. Tune in next week for the answers.

文章例にあるように、名詞(数えられるものも数えられないものも)数量詞は名詞の前につくんだ。でね、「両方に使える数量詞」ってのはとても便利だよね。だからそれらを中心に使うと無難だよね。
               
では、以下の段落から名詞を見つけて、それらの前に数量詞をつける練習をしてみて



  I will go to the supermarket to buy groceries. I am having a party at my house and I invited people. Friends, family and colleagues will be coming. I am looking forward to it! First, I have to grab paper plates and paper cups. I also need to buy wine and beverages. Maybe I will also need condiments. I will pick up cheese, dip, sauces and salt and pepper. I have been so busy planning this party. I didn’t realize it will cause stress. Anyway, I will be sure to have fun and make memories.


How was it? See you next week for the answers! -Teacher Mina

さあ、できたかな?答えは来週。またね!     Mina



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